Benri Nihongo (BRNG.JP) is the only one providing Japanese Language Training for English Speakers in HK. I have no hesitation in highly recommending to you. Tsutomu Katayama, Director of Former Osaka Prefectural Government HK Office. Here you can enjoy learning Japanese as well as developing a sense of using Japanese. Benri Nihongo is the answer!

Benri Nihongo

Benri Nihongo (BRNG.JP) is the only one providing Japanese Language Training for English Speakers in HK. I have no hesitation in highly recommending to you. Tsutomu Katayama, Director of Former Osaka Prefectural Government HK Office. Here you can enjoy learning Japanese as well as developing a sense of using Japanese. Benri Nihongo is the answer!
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Euphonic? Why?

Japanese verbs undergo some euphonic changes to join to “” etc. Similarly when an adjective joins to “ございます”, some euphonic changes will be needed. In the past papers of JLPT, such kind of questions have appeared several times. “ございます” is one of Japanese suffix to show “politeness” which is common in service industries. Nowadays some Japanese feel this kind of politeness is too grandiose 大袈裟おおげさ for daily usage, thus becoming less popular. Anyway, it is better to have a look in case you are sitting for the JLPT.

Euphonic? How?

The appearance of a Japanese adjective is “***い”. We have to choose a suitable euphonic change for a particular adjective depending on the kana next to “” (as shown below the 360° rotating kana with an arrow pointing to it).
 If belongs to , click here...
If the last kana next to belongs to column ア,then make it change from column to column . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. That is grandiose form of Japanese adjecive. For example:

Example 1: きたな

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

きたない (Dict Form)

きたな (Dict Form w/o )

きたの ( becomes )

+
+ ございます

きたのございます (Grandiose Form)

Example 2: ありがたい

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

ありがたい (Dict Form)

ありがた (Dict Form w/o )

ありがと ( becomes )

+
+ ございます

ありがとございます (Grandiose Form)

Quiz: How about the grandiose form of はや and 目出度めでた? What could we get if we add prefix ?
 If belongs to イ, click here...
If the last kana next to belongs to column イ,then make it change from column to contracted sound of column . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. That is grandiose form of Japanese adjecive. For example:

Example 1: おおきい

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to きゅ. And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

おおきい (Dict Form)

おおき (Dict Form w/o )

おおきゅ ( becomes きゅ)

+
+ ございます

おおきゅございます (Grandiose Form)

Example 2: 美味おいしい

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to しゅ. And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

おいしい (Dict Form)

おいし (Dict Form w/o )

おいしゅ ( becomes しゅ)

+
+ ございます

おいしゅございます (Grandiose Form)

 The rest, click here...
If the last kana next to belongs to neither column nor column イ,you just simply remove the last and add . Finally put ございます next to it. That is grandiose form of Japanese adjecive. For example:

Example 1: さむ

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to neither column nor column . With reference to the instruction above, we just simply remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

さむい (Dict Form)

さむ (Dict Form w/o )

さむ + + ございます

さむございます (Grandiose Form)

Example 2: ひろ

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to neither column nor column . With reference to the instruction above, we just simply remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

ひろい (Dict Form)

ひろ (Dict Form w/o )

ひろ + + ございます

ひろございます (Grandiose Form)

Reference:
 Dr Hsieh, Yih-Lang 謝逸朗教授- 明解日本口語語法用言篇(文笙書局)
 The NHK Broadcasting Culture Research InstituteNHK放送文化研究所- 最近気になる放送用語

Choose the best answer, A, B, C or D, to the question below.

こちらのワイシャツのほうが少し____ございます。

A   
お高う
B   
お高い
C   
高いに
D   
高いで


(Selected from JLPT Lv 3 {N4 Equivalent} in yr 2000)
Click here for the answer.

According to the rules mentioned above, the answer is: A
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