Japanese for Eng Speakers in HK

Search Benri Nihongo
E
u
p
h
o
n
y

Euphonic? Why?

Almost all students learning Japanese know that Japanese verbs undergo some euphonic changes to join to “” or something like that. However, Japanese adjectives also have to undergo euphonic changes. In the past papers of JLPT, such kind of questions asking “how to make a euphonic change for adjectives” have appeared several times. The processes for Japanese verbs to undergo euphonic changes to join to “” are so complicated that it is not possible to mention here. On the other hand, You may wonder why Japanese adjectives also need such processes and how the processes be accomplished. When an adjective joins to “ございます”, some euphonic changes will be needed. Originally “ございます” is one of Japanese suffix to show one’s “politeness” but nowadays the Japanese feel “ございます” is too grandiose for daily usage. Therefore they prefer using a simpler suffix “です”. Anyway, because in the past JLPT questions asking adjectives joining to “ございます” have appeared several times, it is better to have a look.

Euphonic? How?

The appearance of a Japanese adjective is “***い”. We have to choose a suitable euphonic change for a particular adjective depending on the last kana next to “”.
(A) If the last kana next to belongs to column ア,Please click here...
If the last kana next to belongs to column ア,then make it change from column to column . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. That is grandiose form of Japanese adjecive. For example:

Example 1:きたな

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

きたない (Dict Form)

きたな (Dict Form w/o )

きたの ( becomes )

+
+ ございます

きたのございます (Grandiose Form)

Example 2: ありがたい

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

ありがたい (Dict Form)

ありがた (Dict Form w/o )

ありがと ( becomes )

+
+ ございます

ありがとございます (Grandiose Form)

Quiz: How about the grandiose form of はや and 目出度めでた? What could we get if we add prefix ?

(B) If the last kana next to belongs to column イ,Please click here...
If the last kana next to belongs to column イ,then make it change from column to contracted sound of column . And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. That is grandiose form of Japanese adjecive. For example:

Example 1:おおきい

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to きゅ. And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

おおきい (Dict Form)

おおき (Dict Form w/o )

おおきゅ ( becomes きゅ)

+
+ ございます

おおきゅございます (Grandiose Form)

Example 2: 美味おいしい

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to column . With reference to the instruction above, we change from to しゅ. And then remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

おいしい (Dict Form)

おいし (Dict Form w/o )

おいしゅ ( becomes しゅ)

+
+ ございます

おいしゅございます (Grandiose Form)

(C) If the last kana next to belongs to neither column nor column イ,Please click here...
If the last kana next to belongs to neither column nor column イ,you just simply remove the last and add . Finally put ございます next to it. That is grandiose form of Japanese adjecive. For example:

Example 1:さむ

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to neither column nor column . With reference to the instruction above, we just simply remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

さむい (Dict Form)

さむ (Dict Form w/o )

さむ + + ございます

さむございます (Grandiose Form)

Example 2:ひろ

In this case the last kana next to is which belongs to neither column nor column . With reference to the instruction above, we just simply remove and add . Finally put ございます next to it. Steps are as follows:

ひろい (Dict Form)

ひろ (Dict Form w/o )

ひろ + + ございます

ひろございます (Grandiose Form)

Reference:
 Dr Hsieh, Yih-Lang 謝逸朗教授- 明解日本口語語法用言篇(文笙書局)
 The NHK Broadcasting Culture Research InstituteNHK放送文化研究所- 最近気になる放送用語

Choose the best answer, A, B, C or D, to the question below.

こちらのワイシャツのほうが少し____ございます。
A   
お高う
B   
お高い
C   
高いに
D   
高いで


(Selected from JLPT Lv 3 {N4 Equivalent} in yr 2000)
Click here for the answer.

According to the rules mentioned above, the answer is: A